This week in our series on Getting to Know Your Dog Breed we are featuring the Pomeranian. “Poms” as they are referred to by Pomeranian lovers, are in the Toy category of the AKC, but despite their small stature, they have big personalities!
Life expectancy: 12-16 years
Color/Size: Poms vary greatly in color from white to fawn to fox red to sable and may have some darker chocolate markings – they can be found in over 20 color combinations. They are small, weighing in at around 3-7 lbs and only 7-12 inches in height. They have a thick undercoat which contributes to their big, fluffy appearance.
Origins: The Pomeranian is a descendant of the Spitz family of sled dogs. They are named for the region of Pomerania in northern Europe, now Poland and western Germany. It was here where they were bred down in size from the larger Spitz to around 30lbs. They were recognized by the English Kennel Club in 1870.
Personality: Poms are little spitfires. Despite their small size, they are not pocketbook dogs and think and carry themselves like a much larger dog. They have a distinct fox like appearance and a mischievous personality to match.
They can be stubborn and quite willful and require a strong, firm owner, or they will rule the roost. They love to bark and will be vocal all the time if you aren’t careful in their training.
They can be standoffish with strangers but are devoted to their families and enjoy creature comforts and lounging in your lap.
Poms can be difficult to house-train, so you might consider paper training them.
Health Issues: Poms typically live a fairly long and healthy life but are susceptible to some Toy breed ailments. One such problem is collapsing trachea, which causes respiratory problems. They may also fall prey to luxating patellas, an issue that impacts their kneecaps. There is also a condition called Legg-Calve-Perthes disease that Poms may develop, a condition that causes reduced blood flow to the rear leg bones. Early detection is critical, and the condition can be managed through surgical removal of the head of the leg bone.
Fitness/energy level: As mentioned, Poms consider themselves big dogs and are vivacious and full of energy. While their size limits the amount of exercise such as running or hiking, they still need a fair amount of exercise each day. Several walks at a good pace as well as games that challenge their mind are great for Poms.
Native foods for the Pomeranian
Native foods for Huskies are foods found in Germany/Poland and include rabbit, deer, salmon, trout, apples, chestnuts
Good foods to feed your Pomeranian:
Based on the Pom’s origin, here are a few foods that contain some of the key ingredients that the original Pomeranians would have likely eaten. This list is not meant to be exhaustive, but rather provide ‘food for thought’.
Fun facts about the Pomeranian:
- Queen Victoria of England was a fan of the Pom and she is credited with breeding the dogs down from their larger size of 30lbs to the toy size of today’s Pom.
- Mozart (named Pimperl), Michelangelo and Teddy Roosevelt all owned Pomeranians.
A Pom named @buddyboowaggytails has over 540K followers on Instagram and 16M Facebook friends.